Piping Components Flanges, Strainers & Traps

The course on Piping Important components: Flanges, Strainers, Traps has been developed to explain the fundamentals of Compressor piping layout design in a particular project in detail. The content is organized in a systematic manner so that the first timers can also understand. Course content is based on practical problems and solutions, which is created by experienced professionals with decades of experience in the relevant field.

Please Note: Few courses have been Published on Udemy platform which is learning management system (LMS) and designed for online courses. Click to check the available courses.

The purpose of this article is to give answers to the basic questions about the course which commonly comes into the mind before enrolling to the published courses. So Let’s begin with details and look at various sections of the article.


What you’ll learn in this course?

Piping Systems consists of various components. Understanding Flanges , Strainers & steam traps are important components. We need to understand basics so that the piping systems are optimized and designed. In this section various types of flanges, Strainers & Steam traps shall be discussed. To understand better w.r.t. Piping systems Pump suction piping components shall be discussed.

1.What is Flange

•Slip on Flange

•Socket welded Flange

•Screwed Flange

•Lap Joint Flange

•Weld Neck Flange

•Blind Flange


•Y-Type Strainers

•Basket Type Strainers



3.Pump Piping Components
4.Steam Traps

•Mechanical Traps

•Thermostatic Traps

•Thermodynamic Traps

FAQs: Frequently asked Questions

Following questions have been answered in detail in the course:

What is a pipe flange?

What is a Pipe Flange? A pipe flange connects piping and components in a piping system by use of bolted connections and gaskets

Where are pipe flanges used?

The main use of flange is to connect pumps, pipes, valves, and other equipment to make a pipework system. Usually, flanges are threaded or welded, and you can connect two flanges by bolting them with gaskets and providing a seal that gives easy access to the piping system.

What are the types of flange?

Different Types of Flanges and Their Uses

  • Weld Neck Flanges. 
  • Slip-on Flanges.
  • Threaded Flanges.
  • Blind Flanges.
  • Socket Weld Flanges.
  • Orifice Flanges.
What is the function of flange?

Flanges are used to connect pipes with each other, to valves, to fittings, and to specialty items such as strainers and pressure vessels.

Why are pipe flanges important?

Flanges are helpful to connect pumps, valves, pipes, and other parts to form a piping system. The use of flanges allows a person for maintenance and easy repair of the pipe system.

How many types of flanges in piping?

Pipe flanges can be divided into eight types based on design. These types are blind, lap joint, orifice, reducing, slip-on, socket-weld, threaded, and weld neck.

What is a steel flange?

A steel flange is a forged or cast plate-like device. These can be used to strengthen and connect columns, beams or pipes

What are the advantages of a flange?

Flanges Provide Easy Maintenance

What is a slip on flange?

Slip on Flange is essentially a ring that is placed over the pipe end, with the flange face extending from the end of the pipe by enough distance to apply a weld bead on the inside diameter

What is a blind flange?

The blind flange is basically a flange that does not have a hub or a bored center.

What is RF in piping?

The Raised Face flange is the most common type used in process plant applications, and is easily to identify. It is referred to as a raised face because the gasket surfaces are raised above the bolting circle face.

What is a pipe strainer?

Strainers (STR) are closed vessels that collect solid particles to be separated while passing a fluid through a removable screen.

What is the function of strainer?

The purpose of a strainer is to remove larger, unwanted suspended particles from a liquid, primarily to protect downstream equipment, like pumps, from damage.

What is the difference between filter and strainer?

How Filters and Strainers Are Different. The primary difference between filters and strainers is in the size of the particulates they are removing. Filters remove particulates that are smaller than 40 microns (often abbreviated 40 μm). Strainers remove particulates that are larger than 40 microns.

What is the use of strainer in pump?

Pump suction strainers are installed onto the suction inlet or piping of a pump to protect the system from taking in solid foreign matter from the fluid reservoir.

What is the use of strainer in pump?

Pump suction strainers are installed onto the suction inlet or piping of a pump to protect the system from taking in solid foreign matter from the fluid reservoir. 

What are the different types of strainer?

They are simplex strainers, y strainers, duplex strainers, and automatic strainers.

How do I choose a strainer?

Criteria for Strainer or Filtration Sizing and Selection

  1. Pipe size. The strainer or filter should be sized to match the existing pipe.
  2. Flow rate. Maximum flow must be accommodated.
  3. Temperature and pressure range.
  4. Particle size and characteristics.
  5. Maintenance
  6. Batch or continuous process.
  7. Material requirements.
Can you install a strainer vertically?

They are most frequently used in pressurized lines for gas, steam, or liquid. While it is most common to see Y strainers installed horizontally, they can be installed vertically as well.

How important is selecting of strainers in piping systems?

Pipe Strainers are very important components in piping systems to protect costly equipment from potential damage caused by foreign particles carried by the process fluid.

What is the maintenance of strainer?

Strainers have to be cleaned at regular intervals. We recommend that cleaning should generally be combined with maintenance activities, e.g. at control valves. The regular servicing and/cleaning of the strainer screen ensures a constant and low pressure drop in the strainer.

What is Steam Trap

Steam traps are a type of automatic valve that filters out condensate (i.e. condensed steam) and non-condensable gases such as air without letting steam out.

What does a steam trap do?

The duty of a steam trap is to discharge condensate, air and other incondensable gases from a steam system while not permitting the escape of live steam.

What are 3 types of steam traps?

Three Categories of Steam Trap Based on Operation Principles. 

  1. Mechanical Steam Traps.
  2. Thermodynamic Steam Traps.
  3. Thermostatic Steam Traps.
Why is steam trap used in piping?

Steam traps are an important part of a steam and condensate piping network to stop Latent heat loss, reduce the cost of heating, Increase efficiency, water hammering, and separation of any non-condensable gases

What happens if a steam trap fails?

When a steam trap fails open, it simply acts like an open valve and hence, a lot of steam would leak through it.

Does a steam trap reduce pressure?

Steam traps are used anywhere there is a steam-powered system to discharge condensate, that is, the liquid that builds up in the pipelines, along with other non-condensable gases, to relieve the pressure in the lines and regulate the flow of steam within in it.

Why are steam traps installed?

A steam trap has two major functions: to remove condensate as quickly as it is formed, and to prevent steam discharge.

What is the duration of course

Total duration of the course is 1 hour. However, it is recommended to watch the lecture at least thrice, so that the fundamentals covered can be easily grabbed.

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Recommendations to proceed further

  • It is highly recommended that watching all the lecture continuously in a single sitting should be avoided. 
  • Prepare a schedule of 1-2 hours on daily basis.
  • Write down the learning in short or in the form of your own notes 
  • List out the queries or doubts and share at Forums of Engineers Land.
  • Join Telegram group and register to keep yourself updated with the latest published content on EPCLand and Engineers Land.

Top Benefits of Piping Engineering course

  1. Lifetime access once enrolled
  2. Same lecture can be watched as many times as you want
  3. Flexibility of time and location
  4. Readymade notes which can be referred before interviews and working on live projects
  5. Become part of professional communities on Telegram & Engineers Land. 

Prerequisites of this course

  1. Willingness to learn
  2. Complete clarity on where you see yourself after 3-5 years
  3. Awareness of Energy sector (Click here to read about Scope of Piping Engineers)

How to be an expert in piping engineering

Recommended courses (Published on EPCLand):

  1. Basics of Piping Engineering
  2. Piping Layout Engineering
  3. Piping Material Engineering 
  4. Material Requisitions 
  5. Piping Material Specifications
  6. Piping Stress Analysis
  7. Complete Course on Piping Engineering
Please Note: Few courses have been Published on Udemy platform which is learning management system (LMS) and designed for online courses. Click to check the available courses.

Don’t miss 7 Free courses available for Enrolment

Along with the above mentioned recommend courses, there are 7 free course which available on EPCLand platform. These courses are just published so that the candidates can get use to the interface of EPCLand and get a feel how the lectures are available and organised on this platform. Following are the links to the free courses:

  1. Email Etiquettes: Professional Writing
  2. Piping Engineering: Fundamentals and Q&A
  3. Introduction to Process Industry
  4. Microsoft Teams: Various Tools & Features
  5. MS-Excel: Basics & Advance Excel Tips
  6. All about Valves: Classification & Types
  7. Cover letter for Jobs II Do’s & Don’ts

Recommended YouTube Playlists

  1. 2 minutes FundasSeries: Explains hundreds of Piping Engineering fundamentals in less than 2 minutes
  2. Piping questions and answers: It talks about various Questions & Answers to understand the engineering fundamentals
  3. Piping Engineering Interview preparation: This Section talks about the various questions which are generally aske during interviews
  4. Subscribe YouTube Channel:  Highly recommended to subscribe the Oil and Gas Fundas YouTube channel for various updates

To conclude, this article talks about the course details on Piping Important components: Flanges, Strainers, Traps explaining what is covered and how to approach after Enrollment. Moreover, it explains how to be part of various professional communities related to piping engineering where candidates can join various ongoing discussions and share the queries.

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Quiz Section

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