Piping Material-Metallurgy: Mechanical Properties & Testing

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About Course

Basic of Crystal Lattice

  • What are Crystal Lattice
  • Various Types of Crystals
  • Calculations for:
  • Number of Atoms/Unit Cell
  • Relation b/w Atom radius & Crystal Lattice structureVolume Occupied
  • Atomic Packing Factor
  • Volume occupied by the Atoms in Unit cells

Polyhedral Voids

  • Types of Voids in FCC & BCC
  • Number of Voids
  • Calculations for :
  • Octahedral Voids
  • Tetrahedral Voids

Comparison of Voids

  • Void Sizes in BCC & FCC
  • Relationships w.r.t. IRON

Solubility of Carbon

  • Understanding voids in Iron
  • Austenite & Ferrite Steels
  • Comparison w.r.t. Lattice Structures
  • Energy Required to displace the iron atoms
  • Basics behind the solubility of Carbon atoms
  • Impact on Lattice Structures with Carbon

Hardness of Steels

  • Behavior of carbon
  • Steels w.r.t. Carbon %
  • What is Carbon Equivalent
  • Calculate Carbon Equivalent


  • What is Weldability
  • Hardness & Weldability
  • Chromium & Nickel Equivalents
  • Calculating Cr & Ni Equivalent
  • Relationship of various equivalnets w.r.t. Weldability

Ductile Behaviour

  • Slip Bands & Slip Planes
  • Slips in FCC & BCC Crystals
  • Grain Boundaries & Dislocations
  • Cold Working & Grain Boundaries

Pipe Inspection, Testing & Marking: Pipe Inspection is a continuous process during manufacturing, it has vast importance in process & piping industry. This course has been designed to understand the basic fundamentals about various (15+) testing methods commonly used in the industry. Along with basic fundamentals, various codes & standards (ASME, ASTM, API etc) shall also be listed out and discussed in details.

This is divided into four major sections :

  1. Metallurgical testing
  2. Destructive Testing
  3. Non-Destructive testing
  4. Visual & Marking Inspections

Under Metallurgical testing (Aggressive Environment) following tests have been covered

1.Grain size (AS & SS)

2.IGC- Intergranular Corrosion Test(SS)

3.Ferrite (SS)

4.HIC- Hydrogen-induced Cracking

5.SSC- Sulfide Stress Corrosion Cracking

Under Destructive testing following tests have been covered

1.The tensile

2.Bend test

3.Flattening test

4.Impact test

5.Creep test

Under Non-Destructive testing following tests have been covered



3.Various Types

•Ultrasonic testing

•Magnetic Penetrant testing

•Radiographic testing

•Liquid Penetration testing

•Acoustic emission testing

Under Visual & Marking inspection following tests have been covered

1.Hydro test

2.Visual Inspection


Students or professional will be able to learn the basics & fundamentals of inspection and testing requirements in the piping industry. The fundamentals covered in this course are not only useful for the the professionals working at site but also for the entry level team members who want to build the fundamentals and refresh the basics. once enrolled there will be lifetime access to the course material.

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What Will You Learn?

  • Piping Material, Metallurgy, Testing

Course Content

Metallurgy Concepts: Mechanical Properties

  • 00 Course Content Metallurgy
  • Lattice Structures No of atoms and Radius relation
  • Volume occupied by Atoms per unit cell
  • FCC Tetrahedral Octahedral Voids
  • Calc of FCC Octahedral voids
  • Calc of FCC Tetrahedral voids
  • BCC Tetrahedral Octahedral Voids
  • Calc of BCC Octrahedral & Tetrahedral voids
  • FCC & BCC Void comparison w r t Iron
  • Slip Bands & Slip Planes
  • Slips in FCC & BCC
  • Grain Boundaries & Dislocations
  • Cold Working & Dislocation
  • Solubility of Carbon
  • Behavior of Carbon
  • Hardness of Steel
  • Weldability w r t Chromium & Nickel Equivalent

Pipe inspection, Testing & Marking

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